The personal coaching method is based on thinking from several areas, such as motivational- and developmental psychology, and also from pedagogy and cognitive psychology. The theory of multiple intelligences has inspired our way of working to help students develop personalized learning strategies.
Personal coaching contributes to the studentÂ´s personal development as the studentÂ´s learning is structured, supported, assessed, and followed up. Through personal coaching, students learn to set clear and realistic, but still challenging, goals for their studies and to work in a goal-driven manner.
The studentÂ´s personal coach plays a decisive role in making the studies successful. The personal coach instructs the student in a structured manner that is not based on subject matter. This means that students receive help with defining goals, finding the strategies to reach them, planning and following up their goals and strategies and reflecting on their own learning process.
Personal coaching is not limited to scheduled talks to discuss the studentÂ´s coaching and development â€” it is a continuous dialogue between the student and the coach. This dialogue is characterized by closeness and concern. The coach is responsible for ensuring that the students assume the responsibility they can manage â€” and no more.
The content of the one-on-one tutorials varies, as in all coaching, depending on the studentÂ´s level of maturity and needs. In the beginning, the students receive mainly help and support with procedures â€” to accomplish their personal planning and understand the working methods. The focus gradually shifts to reflections on the studentÂ´s own learning process, where the students reflect on their goals, work, strategies and results. As students deepen their studies, they assume greater responsibility and receive additional coaching towards new challenging goals.
One-to-one coaching session. In the KED program this is a structured session that occurs weekly and if needed daily. It is our way of organizing education and hereby leveraging on teachersÂ´ time, the most precious of all resources in school.
To ensure a structured and successful tutoring process, we have developed a number of tools for the teacher/coach, the student and the parents:
- Personal tutorials/coaching sessions: Students have a scheduled discussion with their coach on a weekly basis. This review, which is well-prepared, follows up and assesses each studentÂ´s performance according to the set goals and strategies by reflecting on their schoolwork, results and strategies. Reviewing and reflecting on their own learning process is a central part of the studentÂ´s discussion with the coach. As an outcome of the discussion, the goals, strategies and schedule for the next week are established.
- Logbook: Each student has a logbook, containing his/her learning goals, activities/tasks and timetable for the coming week. The logbook is the main tool for the studentÂ´s planning and reflection process. It is important for monitoring and guiding the studentÂ´s learning process and is therefore a central tool for personalized learning. The assessment of the past week is also entered into the logbook.
- Progress tracking review/Development discussion: When needed â€” but at least once every six months â€” students have a progress tracking review with their personal coaches. During the review, the goals and strategies for the studentÂ´s course of study are discussed and assessed. The review sheds light on the studentÂ´s school situation from a personal and social perspective and the goals are revised if necessary.
- Individual study plan: At the first progress tracking review/development discussion, the student, parents and the coach develop the studentÂ´s curriculum with personal goals and strategies. These are the medium- and long-term goals that should be attained within six months. Ultimate goals are those that the student aims to achieve for her entire education, the courses the student wants to take, and the quality of the knowledge as expressed in marks or exam scores. Based on these goals, objectives are set for the next six months. The individual study plan is documented in the EDS. The individual study plan is a living document that is reviewed and revised on a continuous basis.
EDS: With the Educational Documentation System (EDS), the coach, student, and parents can follow the studentÂ´s learning process. The EDS contains the studentÂ´s personal curriculum and ultimate goals, and goals and strategies for the school term. The studentÂ´s grade results as well as their own personal reflections of his/her performance during the term are also documented in the EDS.